Did the engagement processes, enhanced transparency and other project elements contribute to the „societal robustness“ of GRACE?
If “societal robustness” is understood as contextualizing science, considering social and political concerns, values and interests of publics that are directly or indirectly affected by scientific knowledge we can claim that we have improved the social robustness of GRACE results by engaging stakeholders with diverse views, interests and values. Given the limited scope and flexibility of the project we could, however, not establish a forum to discuss broader issues to directly address these issues. One example is the issue of how much independence is generally needed for researchers in order to improve credibility, who can legitimately define what independence means at all and what criteria could be used to assess independence. Issues like this are more likely to be taken up in the course of a similar project (G-TwYST) conducting 2-year animal feeding studies with GM maize.