WP6: Networking and database technology
Many websites contain information from reviews on GM crops and supply useful links to data sources. However, few of these databases document the review process or the quality evaluation of the risk assessment studies in a detailed and transparent format. A primary objective of GRACE is to improve the availability and presentation of scientific information on GM plants for all stakeholders and the general public.
Therefore, GRACE established an open-access database named CADIMA (Central Access Database for Impact Assessment of Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies) that
- provides a central access point (“one-stop shop”) for all relevant information on the risk assessment of GM plants;
- allows continuous updating and informs risk managers and other stakeholders about the current risk status of certain GM plants;
- includes all the data established by GRACE (review protocols, quality assessment of the reviewed data and outcomes from WPs 1-5, evaluation reports, recommendations for future implementations).
- provides guidance for quality reviews (WP8)
- includes unpublished studies and reports (WPs 3-5).
Currently, the web application covers the projects GRACE and PreSto ERA-Net.
To implement a metadatabase, the GRACE database will be linked with a range of research organisations, initiatives and institutions, both within and outside the EU, as listed below. These databases will serve as a source from which data is collected. The continuation of the database and review process beyond the lifetime of GRACE (WPs 3-8) is supported by Germany’s Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection; ongoing management will be provided by the project partners (JKI).
Sources for the GRACE database (examples):
The GMO Working Group of the Standing Committee on Agricultural Research (SCAR) http://ec.europa.eu/research/agriculture/scar/index_en.html
European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST)
International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB)
International Society for Biosafety Research (ISBR)
The PERSEUS digital library
EUginius GMO database
Biotrack databases of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) http://www.oecd.org/science/biosafety-biotrack/
Reports of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC)
The database CADIMA (Central Access Database for Impact Assessment of Crop Genetic Improvement Technologies) contains quality assessed studies and conclusions on the health effects, socio-economic consequences and environmental impacts of GM plants as well as raw data of animal feeding studies and alternative in vitro approaches.